Evolution turned primitive people into us, and Pithecanthropus with Australopithecus are our direct ancestors. However, evolution does not stop, and who knows what people will be like future? Nevertheless, archaeologists and paleontologists are still studying the life and life of ancient people. This allows us to learn more about how life used to be, and how evolution has twisted and twisted.
Interesting facts about primitive people
The human face has acquired this form in the process of evolution in order to better take a hit. Ancient people often sorted things out by force.
Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons were two parallel lineages of primitive humans that split over 500 million years ago.
The ancient Cro-Magnon people came from the African continent, and the Neanderthals may have originated in modern Europe.
Neanderthals were distinguished by fair skin and mostly red hair, while Cro-Magnons were dark-skinned. When their migration began, they partially assimilated and partially destroyed the primitive people of the Neanderthals. The last Neanderthals disappeared about 40,000 years ago.
We all have the genes of primitive people. On average, each person has between 1 and 4 percent of Neanderthal DNA.
Homo erectus, one of the most ancient species of ancient people, began its distribution from Africa about a million years ago.
Interbreeding between ancient people of different species was possible. Archaeological finds show that Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons successfully produced offspring.
Primitive people swam across the Indian Ocean and settled in Australia about 50,000 years ago.
Ancient people had 4 more teeth than ours, and their jaw was larger.
Scientists believe that primitive people usually did not even live to be 40 years old. This is partly due to predators and the lack of medicine, and partly due to the fact that the metabolism of ancient people was faster than ours. Over time, it slowed down, which contributed to longevity.
Primitive people learned how to make fire about 500 million years ago. The method used was the simplest – friction.
The very first animal domesticated by ancient people was the wolf.
Art was not alien to our ancestors. The rock paintings that have survived to our times have become the prototype of modern books, and have allowed us to learn more about the life of ancient people.
In part, primitive people are to blame for the extinction of mammoths. They actively hunted them, and not so much for meat, but for skins and bones.
Music also did not bypass the ancient people. The oldest musical instrument discovered by archaeologists is a flute made of bone, which is about 40,000 years old.
Fashion for jewelry among primitive people also existed. They made jewelry mainly from teeth, bones and dried fruits.
For the manufacture of clothing, ancient people used fish bones and thorns of some plants as needles.
The most common tool in that era was the so-called axe, which was a kind of hybrid of an ax and a knife. Primitive people made these tools from stone hundreds of thousands of years ago.
Bow and arrows were invented by ancient people about 25,000 years ago, quickly realizing that a new formidable weapon can be used not only for hunting, but also for war with their own kind.
A primitive Neanderthal hut with a fire, which is about 380,000 years old, was discovered on the territory of modern France.
However, for most of their development, ancient people preferred not to build dwellings, but to use natural shelters like caves.
Arachnophobia, the fear of spiders, is a legacy of our primitive ancestors, as is the fear of the dark. Both large predators and poisonous spiders could be found in dark caves.
The population of modern humans declined to a critical level about 80,000 years ago. Most likely, this was caused by a particularly powerful eruption of some kind of supervolcano, as a result of which a long volcanic winter began, which led to a lack of sunlight, a cold snap and crop failures of many plants.
The earliest form of religious practices and primitive people was the worship of fire.
Gold was one of the first metals to be used by ancient people due to its softness and ease of processing.
Hundreds of thousands of years ago, Neanderthals set traps for animals. They quickly realized that this was a safer and more efficient activity than direct hunting, albeit more laborious.
The brain size of an ancient person 2 million years ago was comparable to the brain size of a monkey. Since then, it has grown considerably.